Friedrich Nietzsche and the Death of God

One of Friedrich Nietzsche’s most famous phrases is his statement that God is dead. In The Gay Science, he tells the story of a madman who went to the marketplace and shouted that he was looking for God. This caused amusement among the onlookers; many of them no longer believed in God. The madman announced: “WhereContinue reading “Friedrich Nietzsche and the Death of God”

Erich Fromm on Group Narcissism

In his book The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness, Erich Fromm discusses group narcissism as one of the most important causes for aggression. Ordinary narcissism is, according to Fromm, the attempt to feel safe by convincing oneself of one’s intrinsic superiority, as opposed to trying to overcome existential anxieties through work and connection to others, which would beContinue reading “Erich Fromm on Group Narcissism”

Plato’s allegory of the cave

In his work Republic, Plato presents the allegory of the cave, which is one of the best-known philosophical allegories. Plato describes the process of gaining insight and the problems that come with it. Plato describes the unenlightened man as shackled to a wall, deep inside a dark cave. His head is fixed in a certain position, such thatContinue reading “Plato’s allegory of the cave”

Ignacio Matte Blanco and the Logic of the Unconscious

In his book The Unconscious as Infinite Sets: An Essay in Bi-logic the Chilean psychoanalyst Ignacio Matte Blanco presents a framework for understanding the unconscious with the tools of mathematical logic. It is a fascinating attempt to make the unconscious understandable. To understand better the context Matte Blanco was working in, I want to begin with explainingContinue reading “Ignacio Matte Blanco and the Logic of the Unconscious”

Erich Fromm and the Anatomy of Human Destructiveness

In his book The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness, Erich Fromm provides an analysis of human aggression. He discusses the differences between aggression in animals and in humans, and discusses how the specifically human forms of cruelty are connected to existential needs. Fromm delineates three important existential needs: the need to be one with the world andContinue reading “Erich Fromm and the Anatomy of Human Destructiveness”